Clinical, epidemiological and hematological characterization of hospitalized patients with clinical suspicion of dengue

Authors

  • Yoánderson Pérez Díaz University of Medical Sciences of Camagüey. School of Medicine. Provincial Pediatric Teaching Hospital "Dr. Eduardo Agramonte Piña.” Department of Hospital Epidemiology. Camagüey, Cuba. https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3439-7424
  • Rolando Rodríguez Puga University of Medical Sciences of Camagüey. School of Medicine. Provincial Pediatric Teaching Hospital "Dr. Eduardo Agramonte Piña.” Department of Hospital Epidemiology. Camagüey, Cuba. https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3350-374X
  • Melissa María Navarro Gómez University of Medical Sciences of Camagüey. School of Medicine. Department of Public Health. Camagüey, Cuba https://orcid.org/0009-0009-0053-7338
  • Yanira González Ronquillo University of Medical Sciences of Camagüey. School of Medicine. Department of Public Health. Camagüey, Cuba https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2177-4297
  • Luis Acao Francois University of Medical Sciences of Camagüey. School of Medicine. Department of Public Health. Camagüey, Cuba https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5037-1027
  • Yanet Pérez Guerrero University of Medical Sciences of Camagüey. School of Medicine. Department of Public Health. Camagüey, Cuba https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1306-7154

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.61997/bjm.v13i2.422

Keywords:

dengue, virus, prevention, hematocrit, platelets

Abstract

Introduction: Dengue is one of the main viral diseases of epidemic nature. The study of the clinical, epidemiological and hematological characteristics is essential for the prevention, treatment and evolution of cases.

Objective: To characterize hospitalized patients with clinical suspicion of dengue from a clinical, epidemiological and hematological point of view.

Methods: A descriptive, cross-sectional study was carried out at the “Amalia Simoni” Provincial Hospital of Camagüey, Cuba, during the year 2022. The sample was made up of 157 hospitalized patients with clinical suspicion of dengue. The variables analyzed were: age group, sex, month of diagnosis, signs and symptoms, hematological variables, leukocyte differential formula and days of onset of symptoms.

Results: There was superiority in the age group of 40-49 years (28.7%) and in the male sex (50.3%). In the month of August, 33 patients (21.0%) were reported, while the main signs and symptoms were fever (90.4%) and headache (59.9%). Regarding hematological variables, the mean hematological variables, the mean hematocrit ranged between 0.42 and 0.48 L/l and the platelet count between 224 and 256 x 109/L. In relation to the differential formula, the average number of polymorphonuclear cells varied between 0.62 and 0.72% and that of lymphocytes between 0.28 and 0.36%.

Conclusions: The sample studied was characterized by the preponderance of patients in the fourth decade of life who presented hyperthermia as a fundamental clinical manifestation. The study of hematological variables was essential for the evolution of the cases.

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Published

30-05-2024

How to Cite

Pérez Díaz, Y., Rodríguez Puga, R., Navarro Gómez, M. M., González Ronquillo, Y., Acao Francois, L., & Pérez Guerrero, Y. (2024). Clinical, epidemiological and hematological characterization of hospitalized patients with clinical suspicion of dengue. Belize Journal of Medicine, 13(2). https://doi.org/10.61997/bjm.v13i2.422

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